Edfu: The Temple of HorusJanuary 9, 2017
Located 17 km (11 mi) northeast of the city of Yogyakarta
, built in the 9th century, and re—discovered in 1811 by Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles, Prambanan is the largest Hindu temple compound in Indonesia. Much like Angkor Wat, Prambanan is the reflection of typical Hindu architecture with tall and pointed towers. The complex is composed of many temples, the largest parts of Prambanan being: Brahma the Creator, Shiva the Destroyer & Vishnu the Keeper, as well as several smaller ones.
The construction of Hindu temples and Prambanan are split into 3 parts: the top represents the Gods/the Holy, the middle part known as the „ middle world” is where the material world doesn’t count anymore, revealing “the truth”. The base is the third part known as the „unholy” where mortals, lust and desire find their niche.
When Prambanan was first achieved it consisted of 240 temples, with the tallest reaching 47-metre-high (154 ft) being the royal temple of the Mataram (or Medang) Kingdom and is supposed to have served as ceremony and sacrifices place, which basically is the usual explanation when we have no clue what it was actually for. Much like a lot of ancient sites, we raise doubts regarding the true history of the site. Academics say that during the 10th century, the Dynasty abandoned the temple which later became partially destroyed during an earthquake in the 16th century. Our question is: why would any dynasty leave Prambanan and forget about such a huge historical and magnificent place? Some say it was due to Mount Merapi eruption, some say it was a power struggle in Indonesia. What really happened? And, are we sure this site is dating from the 9th century? We do not know…