The Colossi of MemnonJanuary 9, 2017
Aswan – Elephantine IslandJanuary 9, 2017
The construction of the Sphinx of Giza is dated at 2500 BC, same period as the pyramids. This remains an estimation as some geological facts, unmentioned by Egyptologists (or they do not know about them!), question all of this theory!
A Sphinx cut from one solid block!
All of those who have been able to contemplate the Sphinx agree on its splendor. However there is a gap between contemplating and understanding. First, the Sphinx was made from only one block cut in the calcareous hill on which it stands. This is already quite an accomplishment! When it was discovered, only its head protruded from the sand. According to this, we can think that this head should have more been damaged by time than the rest of the protected site, trapped by the sand. But it is not the case at all.
The Sphinx is the outcome of a work done not by one but many successive civilizations.
The last civilization was putting the head, greatly small compared to the rest of the Sphinx, on the body. The head’s conservation state is much better than the body’s that is highly eroded (for its original parts).
From a dating standpoint the Sphinx was built by a civilisation which lived at least in the last glacial era, more than 11 700 years ago! We are not throwing numbers around, it is the product of researches, pushed (among others) by Robert Shoch’s, from the Boston MIT, and others observations done on the site. We took a deeper look, not in the Sphinx itself but in the calcareous hill in which he was cut.
Gizeh, the mystery of erosion
The megaliths casing around the Sphinx have been eroded by water. This needed thousands and thousands of years of heavy rainfalls. « Rain in Egypt, really ?” as you should say and you do have a point there. However, this is only valid since the Holocene, our current interglacial period, which started 11 700 years ago. Before that, the climate was rainier. Thousands of years of heavy rains led to this erosion. If you want to learn more about this topic and the calcareous erosion phenomenon, you should have a look in Jean Corbel’s book entitled “Erosion en terrain calcaire (vitesse d’érosion et morphologie)” or look for its English translation ;)
During every tour we organize to discover Ancient Egypt’s secrets, we tell about this point to local guides. They usually answer that rain is not the cause of this erosion, but wind is! Anybody using common sense can tell that it is just not possible. Wind erosion is horizontal, many examples can be seen in Giza Plateau, around Kheops and Kephren Pyramids and even Mykerinos’
. The erosion of the Sphinx is vertical and wind has certainly nothing to do with this.
At the end of the day, when was the Sphinx born ?
This raises another question: why vertical erosion is found as pyramids, supposedly built at the same time, are only concerned by horizontal erosion? The true answer might be given by geology: Sphinx and pyramids are not dated from the same period. Yes… but no! The pyramids were covered by a calcareous cladding. White for Kheops and granite for Kephren and Mykerinos
. So they were protected even until powerful earthquakes which hit Cairo since 2000 years.
Despites our researches, we are not able to give a precise datation terms of Giza Plateau. However, our observations from a geological standpoint allow us to say that what we have before our eyes is more than 12 000 years old and scholars refuse to address this topic.