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Abydos Temples: Sethi I & Ramses II

January 9, 2017
Abu Simbel, Ramses II Temple
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Hverfjall Volcano
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Sethi I and Osirion still well kept!

Abydos (Abidju in Egyptian) is a holy city full of history, and one of the most ancient of all Egypt. The current city of Madfunek was built on the old Abydos territory. Abydos was built during the pre-dynastic period then expanded by the kings of 1st and 2nd dynasties. Abydos is one of the most abundant sites of ancient Egypt. We can found there Sethi I Temple, the Osirion, Ramses II Temple and many more monuments, fruition of constructions, reconstructions and expansions made by the kings of the dynastic era (from the first to the thirtieth!). Most of them are now in ruins, but fortunately, Sethi I and Osirion Temples are still well kept. Close-up on these jewels of the Egyptian culture.



Sethi I Temple


This L-shaped temple, also known as « The divine castle of the millions of years of the Menmaatre, King of Upper and Lower Egypt », was dedicated to deified Sethi, Amon-Re and Osiris. Its construction was started by Sethi. Sethi died before the end of the works, and Ramses finished his work. It is composed of two yards, two hypostyle rooms, 7 chapels and many annexes. Each of the 7 chapels were dedicated to a god: Sethi I, Ptah, Re-Horakhty, Amon-Re, Osiris, Isis and Horus.

When you enter Sethi I’s Temple, the first remarkable thing is the megalithic paving with incredibly complex shapes. How and why having chosen such a complicated way to make it remains a mystery!
Egypte - Les Temples d’Abydos: Sethi I & Ramses II
Sethi I Temple possesses many curiosities, like a two-pillar room, in the north west part of the Temple, with no access to enter. But more importantly, we can find the infamous hieroglyphs which seem to represent a plane, a battle tank, a flying saucer and a helicopter. Everybody is entitled to their opinion on this topic...
Egypte - Les Temples d’Abydos: Sethi I & Ramses II
Egypte - Les Temples d’Abydos: Sethi I & Ramses II

The Osirion, an unfathomable wonder

The construction of the Osirion is attributed to Sethi I but many elements question this theory. Indeed, it is divided in two singular parts: an upper one, in surface, where representations and inscriptions concerning Sethi I are found and the other, underground, which is often drowning in Nile waters. These waters create an almost neon green color which adds a mystic aspect to the site. In this second part, no inscriptions have been found. Moreover, the styles of architectures of the “two Temples” are different. The most likely hypothesis is that Sethi I built the Osirion on the remains of a more ancient Temple. The style of construction doesn’t have the same codes found elsewhere in Sethi I. Actually, highly massive stones can be found there, aligned, with no joints, proving the existence of an era older than the one commonly agreed upon by academics.
Egypte - Les Temples d’Abydos: Sethi I & Ramses II
Egypte - Les Temples d’Abydos: Sethi I & Ramses II

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