Abu Simbel, Ramses II TempleJanuary 9, 2017
Hverfjall VolcanoJanuary 9, 2017
Sethi I and Osirion still well kept!
Abydos (Abidju in Egyptian) is a holy city full of history, and one of the most ancient of all Egypt. The current city of Madfunek was built on the old Abydos territory. Abydos was built during the pre-dynastic period then expanded by the kings of 1st and 2nd dynasties. Abydos is one of the most abundant sites of ancient Egypt. We can found there Sethi I Temple, the Osirion, Ramses II Temple and many more monuments, fruition of constructions, reconstructions and expansions made by the kings of the dynastic era (from the first to the thirtieth!). Most of them are now in ruins, but fortunately, Sethi I and Osirion Temples are still well kept. Close-up on these jewels of the Egyptian culture.
Sethi I Temple
This L-shaped temple, also known as « The divine castle of the millions of years of the Menmaatre, King of Upper and Lower Egypt », was dedicated to deified Sethi, Amon-Re and Osiris. Its construction was started by Sethi. Sethi died before the end of the works, and Ramses finished his work. It is composed of two yards, two hypostyle rooms, 7 chapels and many annexes. Each of the 7 chapels were dedicated to a god: Sethi I, Ptah, Re-Horakhty, Amon-Re, Osiris, Isis and Horus.
When you enter Sethi I’s Temple, the first remarkable thing is the megalithic paving with incredibly complex shapes. How and why having chosen such a complicated way to make it remains a mystery!
Then you will be amazed by reliefs and depictions which decorate the walls and pillars of the Temple. Whether it is scenes of the life of Ramses II, his baptism by Horus and Thot, or Osiris accepting a gift from the King (relief of rarely reached perfection), you will be blown away. Absolutely everything around you is full of history and beauty.
Sethi I Temple possesses many curiosities, like a two-pillar room, in the north west part of the Temple, with no access to enter. But more importantly, we can find the infamous hieroglyphs which seem to represent a plane, a battle tank, a flying saucer and a helicopter. Everybody is entitled to their opinion on this topic...
The Osirion, an unfathomable wonder
The construction of the Osirion is attributed to Sethi I but many elements question this theory. Indeed, it is divided in two singular parts: an upper one, in surface, where representations and inscriptions concerning Sethi I are found and the other, underground, which is often drowning in Nile waters. These waters create an almost neon green color which adds a mystic aspect to the site. In this second part, no inscriptions have been found. Moreover, the styles of architectures of the “two Temples” are different. The most likely hypothesis is that Sethi I built the Osirion on the remains of a more ancient Temple. The style of construction doesn’t have the same codes found elsewhere in Sethi I. Actually, highly massive stones can be found there, aligned, with no joints, proving the existence of an era older than the one commonly agreed upon by academics.
This osirion is made of big rectangular blocks of 2m x 4.2m, weighing up to 60 tons, some of the largest megaliths in the world. How these blocks were assembled remains an enigma, even today. More intriguing, is the presence of a Flower of Life on one of the pillars made of massive stone. It looks as if it’s been engraved with laser or just like it’s been tattooed on the stone. Incredible!